The Honda Insight is a hybrid electric vehicle that was manufactured and marketed by Honda in its first generation as a two-door, two passenger liftback —   and in its second generation as a four-door, five passenger liftback — In its third generation, it became a four-door sedan —present. It was Honda's first model with Integrated Motor Assist system and the most fuel efficient gasoline-powered car available in the U. The Insight was launched April in the UK as the lowest priced hybrid on the market and became the best selling hybrid for the month.
The Insight ranked as the top-selling vehicle in Japan for the month of Aprila first for a hybrid model. In the following month, DecemberInsight became the first hybrid available in North America, followed seven months later by the Toyota Prius. The Insight featured optimized aerodynamics and a lightweight aluminum structure to maximize fuel efficiency and minimize emissions. As ofthe first generation Insight still ranks as the most fuel-efficient United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA certified gasoline-fueled vehicle, with a highway rating of 61 miles per US gallon 3.
The first-generation Insight was manufactured as a two-seater, launching in a single trim level with a manual transmission and optional air conditioning. In the second year of production two trim levels were available: manual transmission with air conditioningand continuously variable transmission CVT with air conditioning. The only major change during its life span was the introduction of a trunk-mounted, front-controlled, multiple-disc CD changer. In addition to its hybrid drive system, the Insight was small, light and streamlined — with a drag-coefficient of 0.
At the example common app essay of production, it was the most aerodynamic production car to be built. When the car is not moving, for example at a stop light, the engine shuts off.
The next generation, used in the Honda Civic Hybridis much more space-efficient. During heavy acceleration, the NiMH batteries drive the electric motor, providing additional power; during deceleration, the motor acts as a generator and recharges the batteries using a process called regenerative braking.
A computer control module regulates how much power comes from the internal combustion engine, and how much from the electric motor; in the CVT variant, it also finds the optimal gear ratio. The digital displays on the dashboard display fuel consumption instantaneously.
On the manual transmission up and down arrows suggest when to shift gears. Dashboard gauges monitor the current battery status, instantaneous fuel consumption, and mode of the electric motor — standby, engine assist or charging the batteries. High pressure, low rolling resistance tires and the use of low viscosity "0W" synthetic oil enhance fuel economy.
The original Insight had a conventional manual transmission. A traditional transmission shifts between a fixed set of engine-to-wheel ratios; however, a CVT allows for an infinite set of ratios between its lowest gear and its highest.
A feature shared by the two hybrids and now appearing in others is the ability to automatically turn off the engine when the vehicle is at a stop and restart it upon movement. Since it is more powerful than most starters of conventional cars, the Insight's electric motor can start the engine nearly instantaneously.
The Intelligent Power Unit, the Power control Unit, the Electronic Control Unit, the vehicle's insight 1, DC-to-DC converter and a high-voltage inverter are all located under the cargo floor of the vehicle, behind the seats. Honda increased the vehicle's fuel efficiency using aluminum and plastic extensively to reduce the vehicle's weight.
The google docs resume templates free structure is a new, lightweight aluminum monocoquereinforced in key areas with aluminum extrusions joined at cast aluminum lugs. The fuel tank is plastic; the engine mounts are aluminum; and the exhaust is a small, thin wall pipe. Insight has a coefficient of drag of 0. The CVT-equipped Insight is classified as a super-low emissions vehicle.
The Insight and the NSX are aluminum-bodied, while the S employs a steel body with aluminum hood. At the Tokyo Motor ShowHonda introduced the concept car Honda IMAS, an extremely fuel-efficient and lightweight hybrid car made of aluminum and carbon fiber, which was perceived by most observers to be the future direction where the Insight was heading.
With an aerodynamic fuel-saving shape similar to its predecessor, the Honda CR-Xand some unconventional body colors it was a bit more than mainstream car buyers could handle, preferring more conservative styles. To fill the market niche void, in Honda rolled out a hybrid version of the Honda Civic — Honda Civic Hybridfollowed by Toyota's redesign of the Prius in as a model.
Total global cumulative sales for the first generation Insight were 17, units. The Insight was the first mass-produced hybrid automobile sold in the United States, achieving 70 miles per US gallon 3. The first generation Insight was the most fuel efficient gasoline-powered car available in the U. The EPA changed the way it estimated fuel economy starting with the model year.
Insight owners who are " hypermilers " compete to achieve maximum travel distance with each refueling. The contest was won by Car and Driver magazine, which rigged a box behind a Ford Excursionand had the Insight drive within the confines of the box. With much less wind resistance, the Insight made the trip with a fuel consumption of The New York Times noted that "[if] you drive the car badly, you will get bad mileage.
In the EU fuel economy teststhe Insight achieved a combined efficiency figure Cars registered in the UK after qualified for free road tax because of their low CO 2 emissions registered cars would be taxed on the lower rate of the old system based on engine size. As a hybrid, the Insight did also qualify for an exemption from the London Congestion Charge.
The Insight being homologated as a vehicle, and hence not Euro 4 compliant, meant it no longer meets the criteria. As of June in the U. InHonda introduced its second-generation Insight based on an all-new, 5-passenger, 5-door, dedicated hybrid platform, which was also later used for the Honda CR-Z.
The concept version of the Insight liftback hybrid electric vehicle had made its public debut at the Paris Motor Show. The Honda Insight was specifically designed to make hybrid technology more affordable to a wide range of buyers. Departing from the first generation Insight's two-seat configuration, the Insight is a 5-passenger, 5-door dedicated hybrid vehicle that includes the fifth generation of Honda's Integrated Motor Assist IMA hybrid powertrain.
The Insight was facelifted in in the United Kingdom and in for the model year in the United States, with updates to the suspension, styling and interior. There are revisions to the recoil rate of the springs, change of the rear camber angles and alterations to the rear suspension brace and adjusting mounts.
As a result, Honda promised better ride, handling and stability. Interior changes include revisions to the dashboard, seat fabric, and some plastics. The air vents received a chrome surround and a silver garnish now adorns the door sills. Honda chose a 5-door hatchback configuration for the latest Insight. The wedge-shaped body assists aerodynamics and reduces drag for improved fuel economy.
The wedge shape of the second-generation Insight has been criticized by many automotive journalists for its similarities with the more successful and older second-generation Toyota Prius.
The reason we chose a five-door hatchback was that we wanted the car to be popular in Europe. American Honda — the biggest market — asked us to build a car with a boot, but we rejected that idea, because to compete with other green cars and sell more in Europe, it had to be a five-door hatchback. Of course, aerodynamically it is also a more favourable shape.
The Insight's exterior design merges design cues from both the first generation Insight the tapered tail and triangular taillights and Honda's production hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, the FCX Clarity the low hood, six-point front grille, and wedge-shaped profile.
The interior of the new Insight includes a variation of the two-tier instrument panel first introduced on the Honda Civic. In this arrangement, a digital speedometer is mounted high on the instrument panel within the driver's normal line-of-sight for ease of visibility. An analog tachometer, fuel gauge, hybrid assist gauge, and Multi-Information Display are housed in the lower tier.
This system mates an internal combustion engine with an electric motor mounted directly to the engine's crankshaft between the engine and transmission. Honda states that this configuration is less complex, lower cost, and compact enough to accommodate a wide range of vehicle sizes when compared to competing hybrid powertrains.
Honda has used previous generations of this IMA system on all of its production hybrid vehicles including the original Insight, Civic Hybrid, and Accord Hybrid. Advanced development has allowed the Insight's IMA letter of recommendation requests to be 19 percent smaller and 28 percent lighter than the previous generation IMA used in the existing Civic Hybrid. The Insight's IMA includes a high-efficiency, lightweight, low-friction 1.
The motor acts as a generator during braking, steady cruising, gentle deceleration and coasting in order to recharge the IMA battery. The motor also serves as the engine starter, quickly spinning the engine to idle speed after Idle Stop and during normal vehicle starting. The system will automatically switch to a back-up, conventional volt starter to start the engine if the IMA system is disabled or if the car is started at extreme cold temperatures.
As an additional safety feature, Honda's hybrid configuration allows the car to operate like a conventional, petrol-engine vehicle even if the IMA hybrid-electric motor system is completely disabled.
The Insight's Continuously Variable Transmission CVT provides infinite ratios to keep the engine operating within its most efficient range. Forward gear ratios are infinitely variable between 3. Final drive is 4. On Insight EX models, paddle shifters mounted behind the steering wheel allow the driver to engage a manual shift mode and select from seven simulated gear ratios for full control over acceleration and engine braking. Since the CVT's gear ratios are continuously variable the system electronically directs the transmission to up- or downshift into pre-determined ratios when the driver taps the shift paddles.
In normal driving, the CVT allows the engine and IMA motor to stay in their most efficient operating range thereby providing superior fuel efficiency to that of a conventional automatic transmission with fixed gear ratios.
The CVT's variable gear ratios allow for both quick, initial acceleration and efficient, low-rpm cruising. In the drive-by-wire system, the engine's throttle body is controlled by the powertrain computer in response to the accelerator pedal position—allowing the computer to determine the optimal throttle body, fuel, and CVT settings based on the accelerator pedal position and its rate of travel.
Car and Driver magazine performed a comparison between the Honda Insight and the Toyota Prius. Overall, Car and Driver selected the Insight as their preferred vehicle due to its "fun-to-drive" qualities including superior handling, steering, braking, and paddle-shifted transmission. The Insight's IMA is powered by a flat, nickel-metal hydride battery pack located below the cargo floor between the rear wheels.
The 84 module battery is manufactured by Sanyo Electric  and provides a nominal system voltage of The battery is recharged automatically by scavenging engine power, when needed, and by regenerative braking when the car is decelerating. The power management electronics, battery modules, and cooling system are all self-contained within the IMA battery pack. The system monitors and displays the positive or negative effect of a driving style on the vehicle's fuel economy.
As a visual aid, the background of the Insight's digital speedometer glows green when the car is being driven in an efficient manner. Somewhat less-efficient driving makes the meter glow blue-green. Aggressive starts and stops that consume extra fuel make the meter glow blue. By observing the color shift of the speedometer background, the driver receives assistance in developing driving habits that typically enhance fuel economy.
In ECON mode, the driver trades off a measure of performance for enhanced fuel economy but gains the following advantages:. The Multi-information display, located in the center of the tachometer, can be toggled through nine different screens of vehicle information including instantaneous fuel economy, hybrid system schematic, trip computer, and ECO Guide.
The ECO Guide display includes a real-time graphic that provides a target zone for acceleration and deceleration in order to achieve maximum fuel economy.
Технические характеристики и комплектации Honda Insight, 1 поколение (1999 – 2006)
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